SAFETY OF HAND AND PORTABLE POWER TOOLS

SAFETY OF HAND AND PORTABLE POWER TOOLS



1.         INTRODUCTION
Accident Involving hand and portable power tools are common and are frequent occurrences. Injuries that result almost always involve the hand and other part of body due to exposure.


2.         DEFINITION
Hand Tools.
Tools require the use of human energy to manually start work or coordinate it with work materials. The equipment consists of the head and handles (shaft or body). Example:
a) Knife
b) Hammer
c) Spanner
d) Wrench
e) Saw & etc
           

PORTABLE POWER TOOLS
Tools that require the use of other forces of energy to start work or coordinate it with work materials this energy can be in various forms; electric, pneumatic, hydraulic, oil, steam and explosive powder

3.         REGULATORY REQUIREMENT
Requirement relating to the safety of hand and portable power tools are specifically mentioned under the Factories and Machinery Act (FMA1967) below:

a)      Factories and Machinery (Building Operations and Works Pf Engineering Construction) (Safety) Regulations 1986

b)      Occupational Safety And Health Act 1994 (OSHA 1994)

4          HAZARD AND ACCIDENTS
Among the hazard in using hand and portable power tools, whether by manual or power method are:
a)                  Electric Shock
b)                  Cutting
c)                  Stuck and pulled
d)                  Waste ejected and hitting a person
e)                  Knocked by equipment
f)                    Exposure to noise
g)                  Vibration
h)                  Dust or Fumes fro the activities being carried out.

The presence of the above hazards can cause the occurrences of accidents. Among the factors that contribute to such accidents are:
a)                  Application Of incorrect methods.
b)                  Equipment not properly kept.
c)                  Failure to properly maintain equipment.
d)                  Use of faulty equipment
e)                  Use of equipment not suitable for the task at hand.

5.         SAFETY MEASURE
To ensure the safety individual using hand and portable power tools either by manual or power method, safety measures that must be taken include;
a)            Selection of equipment that is suitable for the task
b)            Safety Training for the user/worker
c)            Provision and training of safe works procedures for equipment usage
d)            Inspection of equipment before use
e)            Adherence to the manufacturer’s advised on equipment operations.
f)              Selection and use of appropriate personal protective equipment
g)            Designations of proper equipment storage areas
h)            Sufficient and appropriate equipment.
i)              Installation/use of guards for power tools and machinery.

6.         SELECTION CRITERIA
The criteria for selecting hand and portable power tools in terms of its general design and construction are as follows:
a)      The quality of material used
b)      Ergonomics
c)      Handle must be constructe from appropriate materials
d)      Safety (guards for portable power tools)

7.         CONCLUSION

            Hand and power tools are divided into two types; those that require human energy and those that require external energy sources such as electrical power to perform a task. Similar to other equipments and machinery, handling and operating hand tools have several hazards that can cause accidents and injuries to the worker. There are specific regulatory provisions under the Factory and Machinery Act 1967 (FMA1967) that outline the safety of hand and portable power tools. The occupational Safety and Health Act 1994 (OSHA 1994) also outlines general provisions relating to the duty of employers to ensure safety in the operations and use of hand and portable power tools. It is therefore the responsibility of employers to ensure that the appropriate safety measures are to taken before operating or using any hand tools. Besides, the selection criteria to determine appropriate tools as per job requirements are outlined to help ensure the safety of workers.



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